Local Austin Action

Central Texas recently became the home of a new fusion center, the Austin Regional Intelligence Center. Rest assured, activists from Operation Defuse and Texans for Accountable Government were there to make sure this fusion center wouldn’t repeat the same civil liberties and privacy violations as others in the past.

Enjoy the videos below which highlight some of the hard work that went in to making ARIC one of the weakest fusion centers in the country!

Here is the first testimony that was delivered on the fusion center coming to Austin. The council voted to approve 200k worth of federal grant monies to begin building the infrastructure on the center.

The privacy policy was discussed during Austin Public Safety Commission Meetings. When the Commission finally rubber stamped the privacy policy, the people got angry and we took our lobbying efforts directly to the council. Below are some videos of PSC hearings and some of the media coverage surrounding the events.

We then rallied our troops to show up at the city council meeting in which the council was set to vote on ARIC’s “interlocal agreement”, which would provide legislative backing to the 10 jurisdictions participating with the center.

One of our rallying cries

After a last minute open records request we confirmed what we thought all along, ARIC was going to be collecting information on more than just crimes.

Wouldn’t you know it, lobbied our butts off, the people showed up in mass, ans our hard work ended up paying off! TAG and ODF managed to prevent ARIC from housing a public health/medical analyst, ensured information would not be collected on non-criminal activities, and assisted in the creation of a privacy policy advisory committee that would be comprised of community representatives.

Check out this link – TAG Deliver Multiple Blows to Austin Regional Intelligence Center! – to get more details on the victories that TAG and ODF accomplished. Contact ODF or TAG if you need help on fighting fusion centers in your area!

Meet Jericho McCain!

My eyes were opened to the realities of freedom and liberty when I came across Murray Rothbard’s “Man, Economy and the State” nearly 10 years ago.




My Fundamental Principles

Here is a logical, reality-based, consistent set of principles through which all of life can be processed.

It starts with four overarching provable human concepts:

1.I own myself.
2.Theft is evil.
3.Enslaving is evil.
4.Committing  fraud is evil.

You cannot disagree with my opinions without disagreeing with at least one of these precepts.

On Personal Liberty

All rights are derived from self ownership. No person should initiate the use of force or fraud against any other person. Every person has the right to exercise sole dominion over his own life and property so long as he does not forcibly interfere with the equal right of others to do the same.

On Human Governance

In human governance, every effort should be made to maximize individual liberty and protect property rights. However, once any compulsion (force) is introduced to advance any social good, whoever introduced the compulsion has accepted in practice, that the “good” is whatever the strongest (those with the guns, jails and the ability and power to impose fines) say it is.

Regulation, and the voting directly or indirectly for any regulation, is the ethical equivalent of slavery.

Taxation, and the voting directly or indirectly for any taxation, is the ethical equivalent of theft.

There is no alternative, coherent position which, for example, seeks justice, equity or more efficient markets. All other positions are a degradation of individual liberty to one degree or another.

Jericho lives and breathes technology. He is also the creator of reboot the republic.

“During times of universal deceit, telling the truth becomes a revolutionary act.” -George Orwell

U.S. Army Military Police Civil Disturbance and Martial Law Training Course

Civil disturbances may be riots, violent uprisings, or unlawful actions. As a member of the military forces, you may be ordered under certain conditions to help restore law and order and protect property. The National Guard is likely to face most of the violence during demonstrations. To gain successful control of a civil disturbance, it will require an understanding of the reason for social unrest and basic human behavior patterns. Planning control strategy depends on knowing why people behave as they do. Group behavior sets the scene for civil disturbances. However, it is individual behavior which in the end is the most important.

A study of past civil disorders shows that civil disturbances will follow definite stages. Understanding individual attitudes and behavior factors which influence these basic stages will be helpful in stopping civil disturbances.

Behind all disturbances is a cause which can be traced to one or more existing problems in a particular community. Causes change with the times. For example, economic and nuclear control are the main new issues for the 80′s. It matters little whether the problem is real or imagined. The impact is the same. Problems can be divided into two basic categories: politicalideological and socioeconomic.

Meet The Crew

Operation Defuse is not an organization, rather a collaborative projects with representatives from organizations all across the country.  Here we will spotlight a few of our most active participants!

(in alphabetic order)

Catherine Bleish

Catherine Bleish (bio)  is the executive director of the Liberty Restoration Project and co-coordinator of the ODF project.
She is currently taking a year long sabbatical from”organizing” to finish her MPA, finish a book, but is still speaking at several scheduled events on behalf of ODF.

John Bush

John Bush (bio) is the executive director of Texans for Accountable Government and the co-organizer of Operation Defuse.  He was instrumental in the push back against the Austin fusion center and is working on our Nation-wide Open Records Requests Initiative and assisting our state coordinators across the nation in their local pushbacks.

Brooke Kelley

Brooke Kelley (bio) is the founder of Unify and working on a reality series that features the behind the scenes side of activism and has toured with Operation Defuse and featured our activsts in several episodes of her series titled, Puzzled.

Jericho McCain

Jericho (bio) is the Operation Defuse in house tech geek with a very black and white view of how liberty is defined and achieved. He is the “guy behind the guy” and has no aspirations of ever being “the guy.”

Ben Weir and Kathy Tran

Ben and Kathy (bio) are two of Operation Defuse’s most dedicated volunteers. Kathy helps with graphis, Ben with Open Records Requests, event planning, and together they engaged on a tour of fusion centers across the northwest.

Meet Catherine Bleish


Catherine Bleish is the founder and former executive director of the Liberty Restoration Project. She currently resides in Austin, Texas where she hopes to finish her Masters of Public Administration graduate degree from Park University.

She has participated in three Operation Defuse speaking tours and attended the National Fusion Center DHS Conference and the Texas Homeland Security Conference with the ODF team in 2010.   Currently she is working on a book titled the Mechanics of the Police State that will attempt to educate readers on the nitty gritty details of how our state and local police are being both federalized and militarized by the federal government.


Recently Catherine was interviewed by CNN for the Anderson Cooper Show and has become a regular guest on the following nation-wide radio programs:

Dr. Katherine Albrecht Show
Free Talk Live
Lives in the Balance with Jason Littlejohn

Her activism begin through the anti-war resistance under Bush and grew into a lifestyle through the 2008 Presidential Campaign of Dr. Ron Paul. In the spring of 2009 she re-directed her energy and began to focus her research and activism on fusion centers.

This was in response to the the Missouri Information Analysis Center profiled her and her others in her state as a potentially dangerous radical militia members based on their political ideologies and activities. The report has since been retracted and four legislative hearings were held on the issue.

Since December 17th of 2009 she has been on the road 80% of her time, traveling from state to state meeting with fusion center staff, conducting activists trainings, interviewing those adversely and positively affected by fusion centers, and working to gain a better understanding of these institutions in an effort to find a solution that defuses the tension between our law enforcement communities and the general public. The volunteer based initiative that she helped found is called Operation Defuse.

List of Known Fusion Centers

Here is a map from the ACLU showing states with active state/regional fusion centers – this map does not show locally run, military or international fusion centers.


Here is a spreadsheet of the most current information that the ODF team has on fusion center locations:

Fusion Center Contact Information : Sheet1

1 Connecticut Connecticut Intelligence Center (CTIC) Joint operation of the FBI and the Connecticut State Police 600 State Street New Haven, CT 06511 (203) 777-6311 600 State Street New Haven, CT 06511 Robert Hubbard (203) 503-5000
. 1 Maine Maine Intelligence Analysis Center Component of the Maine Emergency Management Agency 45 Commerce Drive, Suite 1 Augusta, ME 04330 207-624-7287 45 Commerce Drive, Suite 1 Augusta, ME 04330 Christopher Parr 207-624-7287 christopher.parr@maine.gov Freedom of Access Act http://www.maine.gov/miac/ Maine Department of Public Safety
. 1 Massachusetts New England State Police Information Network® (NESPIN) RISS Intelligence Center (Region includes: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont) 124 Grove Street, Suite 105 Franklin, MA 02038 (508) 528-8200 124 Grove Street, Suite 105 Franklin, MA 02038 Director: Donald Kennedy (508) 528-8200 dkennedy@nespin.riss.net Public Records Act
. 1 Massachusetts Commonwealth Fusion Center Component of Massachusetts State Police 124 Acton Street, 2d Floor Maynard, MA 01754 978-451-3700 470 Worcester rd, Framingham, MA 01702 Ladonna Hatton (508) 820-2393 ladonna.hatton@pol.state.ma.us Public Records Act
. 1 New Hampshire New Hampshire Information and Analysis Center (603) 271-0300
. 1 Rhode Island Rhode Island State Fusion Center Component of the Rhode Island State Police 311 Danielson Pike North Scituate, RI 02857 (401) 444-1026 Lisa Holley Access to Public Records Act
. 1 Vermont Vermont Fusion Center Component of the Vermont State Police 188 Harvest Lane Williston, VT 09405 (802) 872-6110 188 Harvest Lane Williston, VT 09405 Director: Lt. Mark Lauer mlauer@dps.state.vt.us Public Records Law http://www.dps.state.vt.us/vtsp/organized.html
. 2 New Jersey Regional Operations Intelligence Center Component of the New Jersey State Police Post Office Box 7068 West Trenton, NJ 08628-0068 (609) 583-6090 http://www.njpublicsafety.com/opra/index.html http://www.state.nj.us/njhomelandsecurity/
. 2 New York Rockland County Intelligence Center (RCIC) Component of the Rockland County Sheriff’s Office 331 N. Route 9W Congers, NY 10920 (877) 724-6835 331 N. Route 9W Congers, NY 10920 will not give out will not give out http://www.riss.net/Centers.aspx http://www.security.state.ny.us/
. 2 New York New York State Intelligence Center 630 Columbia Street Extension Latham, NY 12110 (518) 786-2100 Fax (518) 786-9398 Robert Poisson (518) 457-2180 rpoisson@troopers.state.ny.us http://www.dos.state.ny.us/coog/foil2.html http://www.dos.state.ny.us/coog/freedomfaq.html#request http://www.security.state.ny.us/
. 3 Delaware Delaware Information Analysis Center Component of the Delaware Department of Safety and Homeland Security Post Office Box 430 Dover, DE 19904 (302) 739-5996 1575 McKee Rd. Dover, DE 19904 Captain William Harris 302-739-5998 ext. 241 William.Harris@state.de.us http://delcode.delaware.gov/title29/c100/index.shtml Delaware Freedom of Information Act http://dsp.delaware.gov/Intelligence.shtml http://dshs.delaware.gov/
. 3 District of Columbia Multiple Threat Alert Center (MTAC) Component of Naval Criminal Investigative Service Suite 2000 716 Sicard Street, SE Washington, DC 20388 (202) 433-8800
. 3 Maryland Maryland Coordination and Analysis Center (MCAC) Component of the Maryland State Police and the Anti-Terrorism Advisory Council of Maryland Suite 130 7125 Ambassador Road Woodlawn, MD 21244 (443) 436-8800 Suite 130 7125 Ambassador Road Woodlawn, MD 21244 Mr. Harvey Eisenberg 410-209-4843 Harvey.Eisenberg@usdoj.gov http://www.mcac-md.gov/ http://www.gohs.maryland.gov/
. 3 Pennsylvania Middle Atlantic-Great Lakes Organized Crime Enforcement Network® (MAGLOCLEN) RISS Intelligence Center (Region includes: Delaware, Indiana, Maryland, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and the District of Columbia) 140 Terry Dr. Suite 100 Newtown, PA 18490 (215) 504-4910 140 Terry Dr. Suite 100 Newtown, PA 18490 Mr. Dale Zachary info@magloclen.riss.net http://www.riss.net/Centers.aspx?q=MAGLOCLEN http://www.homelandsecurity.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/homeland_security/14251
. 3 Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Criminal Intelligence Center (PaCIC) Component of the Pennsylvania State Police 1800 Elmerton Avenue Harrisburg, PA 17110 (717) 772-4140 1800 Elmerton Avenue Harrisburg, PA 17110 Captain Andrew Ashmar 717-705-0761 aashmar@state.pa.us http://openrecords.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/open_records/4434/right-to-know_law/466460 http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt?open=512&objID=4451&&PageID=481156&level=2&css=L2&mode=2 http://openrecords.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/open_records/4434/citizens%E2%80%99_guide/487947 http://www.homelandsecurity.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/homeland_security/14251
. 3 Virginia Virginia Fusion Center Component of the Virginia State Police Post Office Box 27472 Richmond, VA 23261 (804) 674-2000 7700 Midlothian Turnpike Richmond, VA 23235 Dorothy Bernstein 804-674-2016 Dorothy.bernstein@vsp.virginia.gov http://www.vsp.state.va.us/FusionCenter/index.shtm http://www.commonwealthpreparedness.virginia.gov/
. 3 Washington DC Foreign Terrorist Tracking Task Force Component of the Federal Bureau of Investigation 935 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20535 (703) 553-7991
. 3 West Virginia West Virginia Joint Intelligence Fusion Center (WVJIFC) Component of the West Virginia National Guard 1900 Kenawha Blvd. East, Bldg. 1, Room W-400 Charleston, WV 25305 (304) 558-4831 1900 Kenawha Blvd. East, Bldg. 1, Room W-400 Charleston, WV 25305 Thomas Kirk, director 304-558-4831 wvfusion@wv.gov http://www.wv.gov/fusioncenter/Pages/default.aspx http://www.wvdhsem.gov/
. 4 Alabama Criminal Information Center Component of Alabama Bureau of Investigation Post Office Box 1511 Montgomery, AL 36102 334) 353-1172
. 4 Florida Counter Terrorism Intelligence Center (CTIC) Component of the Florida Department of Law Enforcement Post Office Box 1489 Tallahassee, FL 32302 (850) 410-7060
. 4 Georgia Georgia Information Sharing and Analysis Center (GISAC) Component of the Georgia Bureau of Investigation Post Office Box 29649 Atlanta, GA 30359 (404) 486-6420
. 4 Kentucky Frankfort, KY 40602 (502) 564-2081
. 4 Kentucky Under development: Kentucky Fusion Center Component of Kentucky Office of Homeland Security Post Office Box 1757
. 4 Mississippi Under development: Component of the Mississippi Homeland Security Post Office Box 958 Jackson, MS 39205 (601) 346-1499
. 4 North Carolina Under development: Information Sharing and Analysis Center Component of the North Carolina State Bureau of Investigations 3320 Garner Road Raleigh, NC 27601
. 4 South Carolina South Carolina Fusion Center Component of the South Carolina Law Enforcement Division Post Office Box 21398 Columbia, SC 29210 (803) 896-7008
. 4 Tennessee Regional Organized Crime Information Center® (ROCIC) RISS Intelligence Center (Region includes: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia) Suite 850 545 Marriott Drive Nashville, TN 37214 (615) 871-0013
. 4 Tennessee Tennessee Regional Information Center Component of Tennessee Bureau of Investigation 901 R.S. Gass Boulevard Nashville, TN 37216 (877) 250-2333 Supervisor Rick Atmore: (615) 744-4318
. 5 Illinois Statewide Terrorism & Intelligence Center (STIC) Component of the Illinois State Police 2100 S. Dirksen Parkway Springfield, IL 62703 (217) 782-7938
. 5 Indiana Under development: Indiana Intelligence Fusion Center Component of the Indiana State Police 100 North Senate Avenue Indianapolis, IN 46204 (317) 232-8328
. 5 Michigan Under development: Michigan State Police are in the initial stages of creating a fusion center Component of the Michigan State Police Annex Building 4000 Collins Road Lansing, MI 48910 (517) 332-2521
. 5 Minnesota Minnesota Joint Analytical Center Component of the Minnesota Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Management Suite 820 111 Washington Avenue South Minneapolis, MN 55401 612) 341-7002
. 5 Ohio Strategic Analysis and Information Center Component of the Ohio Department of Public Safety 2855 West Dublin Grandville Road Columbus, OH 43235 (614) 799-3555
. 5 Wisconsin Under development: Wisconsin Department of Justice, Division of Criminal Investigations is currently the sponsoring agency for the development of a Regional Intelligence Center/Intelligence Fusion Center Post Office Box 7857 Madison, WI 53707-7857 (808) 266-1671
. 6 Arkansas Arkansas State Fusion Center Component of the Arkansas State Police 1 State Police Plaza Drive Little Rock, AR 72209 1 State Police Plaza Drive Little Rock, AR 72209
. 6 Louisiana LSP Fusion Center Component of Louisiana State Police 7667 Independence Boulevard, Baton Rouge, LA 70806 Rick Moore; 225-925-7500
. 6 New Mexico New Mexico All Source Intelligence Center (NMASIC PO Box 27111 87502 505-476-9600 13 Bataan Blvd., Santa Fe, NM 87504
. 6 Oklahoma Oklahoma Information Fusion Center 6600 N Harvey Oklahoma City, OK 73116 (405) 842-8547 6600 N Harvey Oklahoma City, OK 73116 http://www.ok.gov/okfusion/About_The_OIFC/index.html
. 6 Texas Austin Regional Intelligence Center Component of the Austin Police Department APD, PO Box 689001, Austin, Texas 78768-9001 Don Field (512) 974-2000 don.field@ci.austin.tx.us http://www.ci.austin.tx.us/police/aric.htm
. 6 Texas Houston Regional Intelligence Service Center HPD, Public Affairs Division, 1200 Travis, Houston, TX 77002 Joe Zapata (713) 308-3200 joe.zapata@cityofhouston.net
. 6 Texas North Central Texas Fusion Center (Collin Co.) 2300 Bloomdale Rd. Suite 4154, McKinney, TX 75071 Tim Wyatt (972) 548-4673 tim.wyatt@co.collin.tx.us
. 6 Texas San Antonio Fusion Center SAPD, Records Office, P.O. Box 839948, San Antonio, TX 78283 (210) 207-7484
. 6 Texas Texas Intelligence Center Component of the Texas Department of Public Safety Post Office Box 4087 Austin, TX 78773 (866) 786-5972 6100 N. Lamar, Austin, TX 78752-4413 Jessica Cohen (512) 424-2000
. 7 Iowa Iowa Fusion Center Component of Iowa Department of Public Safety Wallace State Office Building East 9th and Grand Avenue Des Moines, 50319 (515) 242-6124
. 7 Kansas Kansas Threat Integration Center (KSTIC) Component of Kansas Bureau of Investigation Room 13 2800 Topeka Boulevard Topeka, KS 66611 (785) 274-1822
. 7 Missouri Mid-States Organized Crime Information Center® (MOCIC) RISS Intelligence Center (Region includes: Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wisconsin) Suite 100 1610 East Sunshine Street Springfield, MO 65804 (417) 883-4383
. 7 Missouri KC Regional TEW
635 Woodland Ave., Suite 2105B
Kansas City, MO 64106
816-413-3588 kctew@kcpd.org
. 7 Missouri Missouri Highway Patrol Intel Unit Component of the Missouri State Patrol 1510 East Elm Street Jefferson City, MO 65102 (573) 751-3452
. 7 Nebraska None
. 8 Colorado Colorado Information Analysis Center Component of the Colorado Department of Public Safety 9195 East Mineral Avenue Centinel, CO 80112 (720) 852-6705 Lance Clem (303) 239-4415 lance.clem@cdps.state.co.us https://www.ciac.co.gov/index.cfm
. 8 Montana Montana All-Threat Intelligence Center (MATIC) Component f the Montana Department of Justice, Division of Criminal Investigation Investigation Post Office Box 4789 Ft. Harrison, MT 59636 (406) 324-3997
. 8 North Dakota North Dakota Fusion Center Component of the North Dakota Bureau of Investigations 4205 State Street Bismarck, ND 58503 (866) 885-8295
. 8 South Dakota Under development Component of the South Dakota Department of Homeland Security 118 West Capitol Avenue Pierre, SD 57501 (605) 773-3178
. 8 Utah Utah Criminal Intelligence Center Component of the Utah Department of Public Safety, Division of Homeland Security Post Office Box 140200 Salt Lake City, UT 84114-0200 801) 579-4413
. 8 Wyoming None
. 9 Arizona Arizona Counter Terrorism Information Center (ACTIC) Component of the Arizona Department of Public Safety Post Office Box 6638 Phoenix, AZ 85005 602-644-5805 Harold Sanders (602) 223-2460 http://www.azdps.gov/About/Task_Forces/Fusion/ http://www.azdps.gov/Services/Records/
. 9 Arizona Rocky Mountain Information Network® (RMIN) RISS Intelligence Center (Region includes: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, Wyoming, and Canada) Post Office Box 41370 Phoenix, AZ 85080-1370 (602) 351-2320 2001 West pinnacle Peak rd, Phoenix AZ, 85027 John Vinson jvinson@rmin.riss.net
. 9 California Anti-Terrorism Information Center Component of the California Department of Justice P.O. Box 944255 Sacramento, CA 94244-2550 (916) 322-3360
. 9 California Los Angeles Joint Regional Intelligence Center (LAJRIC) 12440 East Imperial Highway Norwalk, CA 90650 (562) 345-1100 Leslie (562) 345-1102
. 9 California Northern CA Regional Terrorism Threat Assessment Center (RTTAC) P.O. Box 36102 San Francisco, CA 94102 (415) 436-8530 Ron Brooks (415) 436-8199
. 9 California Sacramento Regional Terrorism Threat Assessment Center 711 G st. Sacramento, CA 95814 (888) 884-8383 711 G st. Sacramento, CA 95814
. 9 California State Terror Threat Assessment Center Component of the California Department of Justice Post Office Box 944255 Sacramento, CA 94244 (916) 843-3940 (916) 227-4216
. 9 California Western States Information Network® (WSIN) RISS Intelligence Center (Region includes: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington) Post Office Box 903198 Sacramento, CA 94203 (916) 263-1166 Karen Aumond (916)263-1179
. 9 Hawaii None
. 9 Nevada Northern Nevada Counter-Terrorism Center 911 Parr Boulevard, Reno NV 89512 (775) 321-4902 911 Parr Boulevard, Reno NV 89512 Captain Timothy Kuzanek http://www.washoesheriff.com/counter-terrorism.htm
. 9 Nevada Southern Nevada Counter-Terrorism Center 6767 Spencer Street, Las Vegas Nevada 89119 (702) 828-2281 6767 Spencer Street, Las Vegas Nevada Lt. Tom Monahan (702) 828-2257 t2936m@lvmpd.com
. 10 Alaska Statewide Law Enforcement Information Center Component of the Department of Public Safety 101 East Sixth Avenue Anchorage, AK 99501 907) 265-9583 101 East Sixth Avenue Anchorage, AK 99501 Director: Gary Wheeler (907) 265-8123 gary.wheeler@alaska.gov
. 10 Idaho None
. 10 Oregon Terrorism Fusion Center (TITAN) Component of the Oregon State Police and the Oregon Department of Justice Suite 210 610 Hawthorne Avenue, SE Salem, OR 97301 (800) 442-6248 Oregon Department of Justice Criminal Division 610 Hawthorne Ave., St. 210 Salem, OR 97301 Chuck Cogburn (503) 731-3020 doj.records@doj.state.or.us chuck.cogburn@doj.state.or.us
. 10 Washington Washington State Fusion Center (WSFC) Post Office Box 42600 Olympia, WA 98504 (206) 262-2382 1110 Third Ave, Seattle, WA 98101 Lance B Ladines 360 239-0793 lance.ladines@wsfc.wa.gov


Tour a Fusion Center

Visiting a fusion center can seem like a daunting task. You may think, “I can’t visit a fusion center, I don’t even know half of what it is.” Visiting a fusion center is easier than you might think. A fusion center visit is a great way to learn what a fusion center is. This guide is designed to make visiting a fusion center easy.

Step 1: Which fusion center should I visit?

Find the fusion center that gathers information on the area where you live. This can be done by visiting our list of fusion centers . If you don’t find one near you, do a quick StartPage search for fusion centers in your area. Still nothing? Try calling your local police or sheriff’s department and asking if there is a fusion center in your area. (Warning: If you do call the police or sheriff’s department, you will likely have your name taken down, along with the reason for your call.)

Step 2: Call the fusion center

Call the fusion center, and ask to speak to the Public Information Officer. If there is no PIO, ask to speak with the director in regards to touring the fusion center. PIOs are usually very friendly and used to working with the public, but most fusion centers do not have them. Be prepared to make up to 10 calls to a fusion center to be able to secure a visit. The employees are usually not rude, they are just often buried in work and so a visit from someone from the public is the last thing on their list of priorities. YOU have to make it happen.

It should be noted that many fusion centers don’t have direct lines. They are often run through the local or state police, which means that you may need to call the police department again. Don’t let the run-around discourage you. These people’s jobs are based on being secretive with information. If you just let them know that you will keep calling until you secure a meeting, you should have success fairly easily. Don’t be afraid to email fusion center employees either. If you don’t want them to know your email address, just create a new one for the emails.

Step 3: Prepare for your visit

Now that you’ve secured your visit with the fusion center you will need to prepare. Once you receive confirmation of the tour date (which often comes by email) you should request to film the tour, or question and answer session. Most fusion centers decline, but video can be very helpful. If they say no one can film in the facilities, request to do the question and answer session outside, or in some area where filming is allowed.

You should never visit the fusion center alone, even if you have to drag along a friend or family member that knows nothing about fusion centers. Going alone leaves you open to many potentially bad circumstances. This is the time when you should find out who is going with you because the fusion center will likely ask for their name.

You should find out who you are meeting with at the fusion center, and try to meet with as many people as possible. The most important person to meet with is the director. Often times, only the PIO will try to meet with you. The PIO is good for setting up a visit, but they usually don’t have a lot of the information you seek. They don’t work day-to-day in the fusion center.

Ask the fusion center for a copy of their privacy policy and interlocal agreements. These documents are a godsend in helping you prepare for the meeting. They can give you key insight into the way the fusion center is run. If you need help interpreting these documents, post them on scribd.com and email Operation Defuse at defuse@libertyrestorationproejct.org to let them know you’ve secured a visit and you need help with the documents.

Now you need to decide exactly what questions you are going to ask. Operation Defuse has put together a list of questions for fusion centers with the help of the ACLU’s question list from a few years ago. Download this list, and edit it to fit your needs. If you need help understanding some of the terms in the questions, go to our glossary of terms that will help explain the more legal language of fusion centers. Don’t be afraid to leave a few questions out if you don’t understand them. Your visit doesn’t have to catch everything, and will often inspire other people to go back and ask more questions. Don’t memorize your questions; just bring your list with you. The meetings can sometimes feel stressful, and your mind could go blank. Don’t be afraid to read questions off a list.

Step 4: Visiting the fusion center

You are free to dress how you wish, but I have found that dressing in business casual or better clothing helps lend credibility to you instead of wearing a WTC 7 tee-shirt.
Don’t be intimidated by the fusion center employees. Occasionally, fusion center employees will try to use legal language or make you feel like you asked a non-sensical question when they don’t want to answer a question. Kindly remind them that you aren’t a lawyer, just a citizen looking for answers, and if you can’t ask questions in common language, you will need to return for another meeting with a lawyer, possibly someone from the local ACLU.

Everyone who visits the fusion center with you should have a notepad and pen, even if it’s your friend who doesn’t know anything about fusion centers. The only exception to this is if you are allowed to film. Everyone but the camera person should have a notepad and pen.

Step 5: Recapping your experience

Once you have visited the fusion center, you should write a summary of the visit and your notes while the meeting is still fresh in your head. I have found that if I wait longer than two days to do this, details of the meeting fade, and I have no initiative to summarize anymore. If you were allowed to film, be sure to put it online. You are welcome to send it to Operation Defuse to put online.

Congratulations! You just walked through the belly of the beast, and came out stronger!

Meet Ben and Kathy!

Kathy Tran is a radio-television-film graduate from the University of Texas at Austin. She enjoys documenting the growing police state while still finding time to play with her favorite cat and make animations.

Benjamin Weir is an activist from St. Louis, Missouri, and currently living in Austin, Texas. He joined Operation Defuse because of his family members in Missouri who were targeted by the infamous MIAC report on the modern militia movement. Ben enjoys exposing new technologies that companies are pushing on the government, and writing music. He also likes to play with the same cat as Kathy, but sometimes he gets scratched.

Ben and Kathy went on a tour of fusion centers in the northwestern United States to find out what a fusion center really is. They found a lot of fairly normal people, and a couple ne’re-do-wells. They also found that it’s not nearly as scary as you might think to visit one of these centers. You won’t be shot just because you offended them with a question about the legitimacy of police. Together, Ben and Kathy are a team working on a documentary about the business of selling the police state.

Domestic Operational Law Handbook for Judge Advocates 2010

The Domestic Operational Law (DOPLAW) Handbook for Judge Advocates is a product of the Center for Law and Military Operations (CLAMO). First published in April of 2001, it was the first of its kind. Designed as a resource for operational lawyers involved in domestic support operations, its publication was indeed timely. After the events of September 11, 2001, and more recently, Hurricanes Katrina in 2005 and Ike in 2008, the Handbook continued to meet a growing need for an understanding of the legal issues inherent in such operations. As with the original publication of the Handbook, this update would not have been possible without the tireless efforts of countless active, reserve, and National Guard judge advocates who participate in these unique operations on an ongoing basis.

The contents of this Handbook are based on statutes, Executive Orders and Directives, national policy, DoD Directives, joint publications, service regulations and field manuals, and lessons learned by judge advocates. The Handbook is not a substitute for complete references. Indeed, as this update goes to publication, changes in these references are being discussed and in some cases, in the process of completion. Judge Advocates advising in this area of the law should monitor developments in this area closely as the landscape continues to evolve. Further, upon release, the new FM 3-28, Civil Support Operations, should be added to the bookshelf of Judge Advocates and operators alike that may be called to support operations in the Homeland. It provides an excellent overview of the subject and should be read in its entirety.



• 10 U.S.C. § 331-335 – The Restoration Act (Formerly known as “The Insurrection Act”)
• 10 U.S.C. § 2667 – Leases: Non-Excess Property of Military Departments
• 18 U.S.C. § 231 – Civil Disorders
• 18 U.S.C. § 1382 – Entering Military, Naval, or Coast Guard Property
• 18 U.S.C. § 1385 – The Posse Comitatus Act (PCA)
• 28 U.S.C. § 1346, 2671-2680 – The Federal Tort Claims Act
• 31 U.S.C. § 1535 – Agency Agreements
• Executive Order 12656 – Assignment of Emergency Preparedness Responsibilities
• EO 13527 – Establishing Federal Capability for the Timely Provision of Medical Countermeasures Following a Biological Attack (Dec. 30, 2009)
• DoDD 3025.12 – Military Assistance for Civil Disturbances, 4 Feb 94
• DoDD 3025.15 – Military Assistance to Civil Authorities,18 Jan 97
• DoDD 5111.13 – Assistant Secretary of Defense for Homeland Defense and Americas’ Security Affairs, 16 Jan 09
• DoDD 5525.5 – DoD Cooperation with Civilian Law Enforcement Officials, 15 Jan 86
• CJCSI 3121.01B, Standing Rules of Engagement/Standing Rules For the Use of Force for U.S. Forces (S), 13 JUN 2005
• CJCSI 3110.07C, Guidance Concerning Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Defense and Employment of RIOT Control Agents and Herbicides (S), 22 NOV 2006
• Joint Pub 3-28 – Civil Support (14 Sep. 2007)
• Army Regulation 700-131 – Loan and Lease of Army Materiel (23 Aug. 2004)
• National Guard Regulation 500-1/ANGI 10-8101 – National Guard Domestic Operations (13 Jun. 2008)
• FM 3-07 – Stability Operations and Support Operations (6 Oct. 2008)
• FM 3-19.15 – Civil Disturbances (18 Apr. 2005)

A. Introduction

Within civilian communities in the United States, the local government and the state have the primary responsibility for protecting life and property and maintaining law and order. Generally, federal forces are employed in support of state and local authorities to enforce civil law and order only when circumstances arise that overwhelm the resources of state and local authorities. This basic policy reflects the Founding Fathers’ hesitancy to raise a standing army and their desire to render the military subordinate to civilian authority. The basic policy is rooted in the Constitution and laws of the United States, and allows for exception only under extreme, emergency conditions.

The Constitution guarantees to the states that the Federal government will aid in suppressing civil disturbances (Civil Disturbance Operations (CDO)) and empowers Congress to create laws that provide Federal forces for that purpose.5 Other emergency conditions, which are outside the constitutionally and congressionally prescribed conditions, may also allow for CDO.

B. The Posse Comitatus Act

The primary statute restricting military support to civilian law enforcement is the Posse Comitatus Act (PCA). The PCA states:

Whoever, except in cases and under circumstances expressly authorized by the Constitution or Act of Congress, willfully uses any part of the Army or Air Force as a posse comitatus or otherwise to execute the laws shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than two years, or both.

The PCA was enacted in 1878, primarily as a result of the military presence in the South during Reconstruction following the Civil War. This military presence increased during the bitter presidential election of 1876, when the Republican candidate, Rutherford B. Hayes, defeated the Democratic candidate, Samuel J. Tilden, by one electoral vote. Many historians attribute Hayes’ victory to President Grant’s decision to send federal troops for use by U.S. Marshals at polling places in the states of South Carolina, Louisiana, and Florida. Possibly as a result of President Grant’s actions, Hayes won the electoral votes of these hotly contested states. The use of the military in this manner by a President led Congress to enact the PCA in 1878.

The intent of the PCA was to limit direct military involvement with civilian law enforcement, absent Congressional or Constitutional authorization, in the enforcement of the laws of the United States. The PCA is a criminal statute and violators are subject to fine and/or imprisonment. The PCA does not, however, prohibit all military involvement with civilian law enforcement. A considerable amount of military participation with civilian law enforcement is permissible, either as indirect support or under one of the numerous PCA exceptions.


ODF and LRP Co-Sponsor Patriot Act Lobby Day (Stop it in its tracks!)

Dear Operation Defuse,

It’s happening again. Congress is preparing to quietly reauthorize the USA PATRIOT Act with barely any public debate. Our leaders think you’re not paying attention, so—despite opposition from liberals and libertarians alike—they’re going to continue letting the government intrude on your privacy and violate your fundamental constitutional rights.

Show them you are paying attention. Join us in Washington next Thursday, January 27.

This is our chance to let policy makers in DC know that Americans of all walks of life are concerned about wiretapping law-abiding people, infiltrating peaceful activist groups, subjecting air travelers to virtual strip searches, and more. This is our opportunity to bring attention to the abuses that the PATRIOT Act allows, and the government’s violations of even its minimal requirements.

Next Thursday, bring your concerns to your members of Congress—in person.

If you are not able to come to Washington, you can still participate:

  • Set up meetings at the district offices of your senators and representative. We can help.
  • Whether or not you’re able to join us in DC, please take a moment to add your voice to our letter calling for change at the FBI. Nearly 1,500 concerned Americans have signed so far, and we’ll deliver the letter to Congress when we visit next week—so there’s still time to sign on.

We’re looking forward to seeing you in Washington on January 27.

With our deepest thanks for your commitment to our nation’s most fundamental values,

Shahid Buttar
Executive Director

Bill of Rights Defense Committee

8 Bridge Street, Suite A, Northampton, MA 01060
Telephone: 413-582-0110
Fax: 413-582-0116